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The ACG is an abbreviation of "Anime, Comics and Games" widely used in Greater China. With the incrasing number of Otaku, the term refers in particular to anime, manga and video games in Japan, with the video games usually referring to galgames. As a general rule, it is not translated to Chinese characters. But if an old Chinese man don't speak English, you may say dòngmànyóu(xì), which writes（Simplified Chinese）动漫游(戏) or（Traditional Chinese）動漫遊(戲).
Èr cìyuán, which writes 二次元, is a term received from Japanese nijigen, which writes 2次元 formally. In the origin, it means two-demension, then changed to refers works based on two-demension space. With the market of ACG in PRC grows, ACG is used to describe this phenomenon in relative fields. In 2015, Tencent Anime brought concepts about core-Nijigen and pan-Nijigen in Nijigen marketing.
In 1995, a Taiwanese fan of animation and comics using the name "AIplus" established a board at National Sun Yat-sen University's BBS; the board was named the "ACG_Review Board", referring to animation, comics and games. It is considered the first appearance of the term "ACG". Popularizing by Taiwanese anime and comics critique group Shuffle Alliance, the arrangement of the three letters was stabilized, and the term became popular on the Chinese Mainland, in Hong Kong and Taiwan.
After light novels, which were adapted from anime, comics and video games, became more popular, the term "ACGN" was coined. However, the term ACG is still used in the majority of situations and is generally thought to include light novels even without "N."
In other regions
Japanese do not use the term ACG, though a similar concept is "MAG", meaning "Manga, Anime and Games". Japanese speakers usually use Nijigen (Japanese:2次元, lit. "Two-dimensional space") to refer a series of anime and manga culture (containing light novels and garage kits). The Otaku culture (Japanese:オタク文化 Otaku bunka) refers to the related-subculture, while Otaku industry (Japanese:オタク産業 Otaku sangyō) refers to related industries.
The term ACG is not prevalent in English-speaking regions.
Notes and references
ACG is an abbreviation of Animation, Comics & Game
, not Adenine, Cytosine & Guanine what take part in both DNA & RNA first proposed by netizens in Taiwan. There's a saying that it is an abbr. of Aniki, Come on & Gay, or A Chinese Gay.
All of these works always compose 2 each other, as a so-called media mix in Japan.
Recently, with the development of composed works, ACG concludes other zones Otaku prefer, e.g. Light Novel.
Also, thers a new abbreviation ACGN within the N of Light Novel.
ACG works composed by Light Novels is more and more nowadays, and the LN-composed anime takes an important part in the new animes each season.